The Socialists often reject free trade on the grounds that it allows maximum exploitation of workers by capital. This is how Karl Marx wrote in the Communist Manifesto (1848): “The bourgeoisie […] established this unique, unscrupulous freedom of free trade. In a word, for exploitation, veiled by religious and political illusions, it replaced the bare, shameless, direct, brutal exploitation. But Marx supported free trade simply because he thought it would accelerate the social revolution.  In addition to the diversion of trade and the creation of trades that have essentially static effects, participants in free trade zones and customs union unions are also striving for dynamic benefits, such as the expansion of production. B, because companies are taking advantage of the growing size of the market to increase production and improve efficiency as firms adapt to increased competition. Access to a larger market is particularly important for small countries whose economies are too small to warrant large-scale production. Trade agreements are generally unilateral, bilateral or multilateral. Ricardo showed that he depended on the comparative advantage of each nation in production. The comparative advantage theory is that even if one nation can produce all the goods cheaper than another nation, both nations can still act under conditions where each benefits. This theory depends on relative effectiveness. A current account surplus or deficit may be affected by the economic cycle. Therefore, if our economy grows rapidly, the demand for imports will increase, as consumers can afford to buy more and businesses will need parts and stocks to grow.
Similarly, U.S. exports are influenced by the economic growth of its trading partners. In short, if it grows faster than its trading partners, it will have a negative impact on the U.S. current account. Conversely, this will have a positive effect on the current account if U.S. trading partners grow faster. The emergence of these vast supply chains has a huge impact. This means that the traditional term “country of origin” no longer applies to many products, as many products have many countries of origin. This means that standard trade statistics have limitations, how useful they are in understanding what is really happening in world trade.  It has implications for how countries should address economic development, as it means that developing countries must be part of these global supply chains in order to increase the value added in the parts and materials made available to these supply chains.
And it has an impact on how companies see themselves – a company that sells around the world and buys parts and materials around the world is a global company, not a “national” company. In Europe, six countries formed the European Coal and Steel Community in 1951, which became the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1958. The two main objectives of the EEC were the development of a common market, which was later renamed the internal market, and the creation of a customs union between its Member States. After the enlargement of its accession, the EEC became the European Union in 1993. The European Union, now the world`s largest internal market, has free trade agreements with many countries around the world.  In fact, economists consider this comparative advantage law to be fundamental. As Dominick Salvatore says in his basic economic manual International Economics, the law of comparative advantage remains “one of the most important and always undisputed laws of the economy. The law of comparative advantage is the cornerstone of pure international trade theory.  To give a real picture of the nation`s situation, the current account is often measured as a percentage of GDP; when a country develops, a larger current account surplus or deficit is not concerned, as the economy can more easily absorb its effects